Temporomandibular Dysfunction

What is the Temporomandibular Dysfunction? (TMD)

It is a dysfunction that refers to disorders of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), jaw/facial muscles & dental structure. TMD may also be caused by tension of the cervical and thoracic spine and shoulder muscles aka, Craniomandibular Dysfunction (CMD).


Common Symptoms Include:

• Pain in facial, neck, shoulder muscles.
• Tenderness, clicking, popping, locking of TMJ.
• Clenching, bruxism (grinding) of the jaw.
• Decreased ROM of the neck and jaw.
• Tinnitus, dizziness
• Headaches, fatigue, anxiety and depression.

Treatment Includes: Determining cause of TMD/CMD and to treat accordingly. Physical therapy includes a comprehensive evaluation and establishing a treatment plan to improve/restore normal function of the neck and jaw. Treatments include biofeedback/ neuromuscular re-education, relaxation techniques, diaphragmatic breathing, exercises to improve ROM & strength, jaw stabilization, manual therapy (STM, MFR, TP) and joint mobilization. Posture & ergonomic training and oral habit awareness to reduce clenching & grinding habits.